Engine operation just above and below the knocking threshold, using a blend of biogas and natural gas

This research involves a knocking effect analysis of the operation and performance of a spark ignition engine with high compression ratio using a blend of 50% biogas with 50% natural gas. A diesel engine was converted to spark ignition mode. During testing, the output power, equivalence ratio, fuel blend composition and engine speed were kept constant while the spark timing was modified. Three knock intensities were evaluated using three different spark timing to evaluate the combustion parameters and engine performance. Eighteen tests were developed for repeatability analysis.

Surface stabilized combustion technology: an experimental evaluation of the extent of its fuel-flexibility and pollutant emissions using low and high calorific value fuels

Surface-stabilized combustion (SSC) is a fuel-flexible technology that extends the stability limits of lean premixed systems, while achieving ultra-low emissions of NOx, CO and UHC (unburned hydrocarbons). To evaluate these attributes, the present study quantifies (1) operability characteristics i.e., lean blowoff limit and flashback behavior and (2) pollutant emissions (CO, N2O, NH3, NO and NO2) of a commercial SSC burner when operating at a fixed fire rate on a wide range of fuel compositions.

Experimental Study of the Polytropic Coefficient for an Air-Cooled, High-Compression-Ratio, Spark-Ignition Engine Fueled with Natural Gas, Biogas, and a Propane–Syngas Blend

The polytropic coefficient is an important variable for determining errors in pressure and volume measurements and for apparent heat release calculation in engine combustion analysis. For commercial gasoline-fueled spark-ignition engines and diesel-fueled compression-ignition engines, a wide understanding about the thermodynamic models and values of the polytropic coefficient exists; however, in other technologies, in which gaseous fuels are used, the pressure treatment strategies and heat transfer models should be adjusted to allow for a better calculation of the polytropic coefficient.

Interactive control of combustion stability and operating limits in a biogas-fueled spark ignition engine with high compression ratio

The use of high compression ratios on spark ignition engines enables the increase of thermal efficiency, but also contributes to the reduction of high load limit because of the higher auto-ignition tendency in the end-gas. Gaseous fuels provide a good option to expand the high load limits because of their high octane ratings, mostly in small engines. Biogas is a renewable fuel, mainly composed by CH4 and CO2 that exhibits high auto-ignition temperature and slow laminar flame speed.

Emissions and stability performance of a low-swirl burner operated on simulated biogas fuels in a boiler environment

This paper addresses the experimental and numerical modeling of NOx emissions and lean blow off (LBO) stability limits of natural gas and biogas fuels reactions stabilized with a low swirl burner (LSB). The paper presents the methodology to set up a chemical reactor network (CRN) based on experimental results and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations. The CRN is a simplified representation of the fluid dynamics and energy balance of the reactive gases in the boiler environment.

Centre for Energy Technology (CET): How do we interact with the government and the industry?


 El día jueves 9 de noviembre se llevará a cabo el Seminario Momentos Académicos Francisco Cadavid Sierra en donde el PhD Bassam Dally, profesor de la Universidad de Adelaide - Australia, nos estará visitando al Grupo y  dará una charla acerca de como su grupo de investigación trabaja de la mano con el gobierno y la industria. A esta charla están todos invitados. 


The Influence of Oxygen Index on Sooting Behavior for Laminar Coflow ​Diffusion Flames

  En el marco de Momentos Académicos Francisco Javier Cadavid Sierra el grupo GASURE invita este martes 31 de octubre a la conferencia titulada "The Influence of Oxygen Index on Sooting Behavior for Laminar Coflow ​Diffusion Flames", que sera dictada por el PhD. Andrés Fuentes, profesor asociado de la Universidad Técnica Federico Santa María de Chile.

Vea el resumen de la conferencia en el archivo adjunto.

Analysis of water-fuel ratio variation in a gas turbine with a wet-compressor system by change in fuel composition

The wet compressor (WC) has become a reliable way to reduce gas emissions and increase gas turbine efficiency. However, fuel source diversification in the short and medium terms presents a challenge for gas turbine operators to know how the wet compressor will respond to changes in fuel composition. For this study, we assessed the operational data of two thermal power generators, with outputs of 610 MW and 300 MW, in Colombia.

Red Nacional de Investigación e Innovación en Combustión Avanzada de Uso Industrial – INCOMBUSTION

La Universidad de Antioquia a través de los grupos de investigación GASURE y QUIREMA; la Universidad Nacional de Colombia – Sede Medellín, a través del grupo TAYEA; la Universidad del Valle, a través del grupo Ciencia y Tecnología del Carbón; el Instituto Tecnológico Metropolitano, a través del grupo Materiales Avanzados y Energía, participan en la RED Nacional de Investigación e Innovación en Combustión Avanzada – INCOMBUSTION, la cual fue aprobada por Colciencias en la convocatoria púbica 543 de 2011, para promover la constitución de redes de conocimiento.